The Victorian Era was from June 20, until January 22, It was a period of great change in the world due to new inventions, scientific discoveries, and social change.
Print this page A powerful trading nation During the reign of Queen Victoria Britain emerged as the most powerful trading nation in the world, provoking a social and economic revolution whose effects are still being felt today.
Since the latter part of the eighteenth century the process of industrialisation had built a firm foundation for nineteenth century growth and expansion. At the heart of this was the successful development and application of steam technology.
With its advanced industrial technologies Britain was able to attack a huge and rapidly expanding international market. The complex structures of international trade developed by the Victorians and the maintenance of the process of wealth generation derived from them were dependent upon efficient means of communication.
In many ways, the Victorians owe their unique place in history to their imaginative and successful exploitation of three new communication technologies, the steamship, the railway and the electric telegraph.
During the reign of Queen Victoria Britain emerged as the most powerful trading nation in the world The first steam-assisted crossing of the Atlantic took place in when the Savannah sailed from Georgia to Liverpool in hours.
By the Atlantic crossing had been reduced to 22 days and steam ships had begun to operate on the major Imperial and trade routes to India, South Africa and Australia.
The first two concentrated their efforts on the Atlantic and their rivalry launched the period of frenetic competition on that route that was to continue throughout the Victorian period and well into the twentieth century. In April the Great Western sailed from Bristol to New York in 14 days and 12 hours, establishing the modern steamship era and the famous Blue Riband contest for the fastest transatlantic passage by passenger ships.
Competition was intensified by the setting up by Samuel Cunard of a new shipping line. In July his first ship, the Britannia, crossed the Atlantic in 11 days and 4 hours.
Much of what is known about the methods and practice of abortion in Greek and Roman history comes from early classical texts. Abortion, as a gynecological procedure, was primarily the province of women who were either midwives or well-informed laypeople. During the long reign of 63 years, many changes were brought about in England. Victorian Era is known for the vast developments that took place changing the political and economic structure of England.. Victorian era political history. The Victorian Era facts are divided into categories like architecture, social structure, fashion, child labour, etc for a better understanding of the conditions during the Victorian times.
By the German liner the Deutschland could cross the Atlantic in under 5 days. In Julythe keel was laid in Bristol for a new ton iron super ship. Designed for speed and comfort, this was to be the most revolutionary steamship of the early Victorian period.
Equipped with cabins and state rooms for passengers and the largest and most lavish dining room afloat, and the first large ship to be screw-driven, the Great Britain set the standard for large liners for many decades to come.
By the Great Britain, refitted to accommodate up to passengers, was operating an efficient London to Australia service and continued to do so for nearly twenty years.
The success of the Great Britain encouraged Brunel and his backers to create one more ship. Designed to carry passengers and enough coal to sail to Australia without refuelling en route, the ship was feet long, feet wide and weighed over 18, tons.
Nothing on this scale had ever been considered before, and when she was finally broken up inthe Great Eastern was still the largest ship in the world.
The records of scale set by the Great Eastern were only finally broken by the super liners of the Edwardian era, the Lusitania ofthe Titanic of and the Imperator of Scale and technical virtuosity were not enough and the smaller, simpler and faster ships of Samuel Cunard captured the traffic.
This became a pattern and the ship never sailed with all berths filled. Increasingly a white elephant, the Great Eastern came out of passenger service in and was chartered by the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company to lay telegraph cables across the Atlantic and from India to Aden, a task for which her huge size and powerful engines made her eminently suitable.
From an early date the British government realised that the successful operation and maintenance of an expanding trade empire depended upon fast, regular and reliable steamship services, supported by coaling and supply stations scattered all over the world. The primary function of the Royal Navy in Victorian Britain was the protection of these trade routes and their supply bases.
As a result, the government sponsored the development and maintenance of the routes and, increasingly, the cost of building the ships. Top Booming railways Representation of the Rocket which heralded the dawn of the railway age.
During the Victorian period British shipyards on the Clyde, the Tyne, the Mersey, the Thames, at Barrow and Belfast came to dominate the world, having pioneered the use of iron and steel in ship-building, and developed marine technology to a high level.
Infor example,tons of shipping was built and registered in Britain.
British yards built ships for owners all over the world and were still in a dominant position at the end of the century, despite increasing competition offered by ship builders in Germany.
Like the steamship, the railway predates the Victorian era. With its multitube boiler, blast pipe exhaust, pistons connected directly to the driving wheels and its ability to haul its train at over 30 miles per hour, this machine set the standard for locomotive design.
Victorian Social History: Sitemap Victorian Occupations — Life and Labor in the Victorian Period (sitemap) Victorian Women's Occupations (sitemap) Crime in Victorian England The Lack of Social Security in Victorian England; The Life of the Industrial Worker in Early Ninteenth-Century England;. The Department of History offers a curriculum that includes a wide range of geographical, thematic, and temporal fields. Students can choose from courses in American, European, Asian, Middle Eastern, Latin American, and African history in the early modern and modern time periods, as well as courses centering on cross-national themes such as the history of colonialism and imperialism, the Cold. Overview of the Victorian Era. by Anne Shepherd. Queen Victoria () was the first English monarch to see her name given to the period of her reign whilst still living. The Victorian Age was characterised by rapid change and developments in nearly every sphere - from advances in medical, scientific and technological knowledge to changes in population growth and location.
A railway boom and mania followed during the s, with promoters and speculators planning lines all over Britain. By miles of railway were open and 30 million passengers were being carried.
The railways, offering as they did new opportunities for travel and commerce, and breaking down social barriers in the process, were immediately popular, a popularity encouraged by acts of parliament that ensured that trains conformed to standards of speed and comfort and offered rates that were affordable by all.
The spread of the railways also brought about, through time-tabling, a regularisation of time throughout Britain.The Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences works closely with an extensive network of partners across the corporate, government and not-for-profit sectors to provide industry-based opportunities for our graduate students.
Victorian Era Discoveries & Inventions The scientific achievements of the Victorian era are remarkable in human history. The period from to is regarded as an era of prosperity and knowledge.
The period is particularly suited to local history studies, and your local studies library should hold a range of sources for studying events and developments in your area during Victorian times (such as school life through log books, shops and occupations through trade and street directories, who lived in the area through the census, a visit by Queen Victoria, mining disasters).
Much of what is known about the methods and practice of abortion in Greek and Roman history comes from early classical texts. Abortion, as a gynecological procedure, was primarily the province of women who were either midwives or well-informed laypeople. Feb 17, · Victorian Technology. During the Victorian period British shipyards on the Clyde, the Tyne, the Mersey, the Thames, at Barrow and Belfast came to .
A central development during the Victorian era was the improvement of communication. The new railways all allowed goods, raw materials, and people to be moved about, rapidly facilitating trade and industry.