Achievements of ancient astronomers

Babylonian star catalogues "Old" Babylonian astronomy was practiced during and after the First Babylonian Dynasty ca. The Babylonians were the first to recognize that astronomical phenomena are periodic and apply mathematics to their predictions.

Achievements of ancient astronomers

West Africa[ edit ] The Achievements of ancient astronomers of inoculating oneself against smallpox seems to have been known to West Africans, more specifically the Akan. A slave named Onesimus explained the inoculation procedure to Cotton Mather during the 18th century; he reported to have gotten the knowledge from Africa.

The dangers of tobacco smoking were known to African Muslim scholars, based on Timbuktu manuscripts.

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Ancient Egyptian medicine Ancient Egyptian physicians were renowned in the ancient Near East for their healing skills, and some, like Imhotepremained famous long after their deaths.

Medical papyri show empirical knowledge of anatomy, injuries, and practical treatments. Garlic and onions were used regularly to promote good health and were thought to relieve asthma symptoms. Ancient Egyptian surgeons stitched wounds, set broken bonesand amputated diseased limbs, but they recognized that some injuries were so serious that they could only make the patient comfortable until he died.

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Aroundthe ventilator is invented in Egypt. Treatment was given for free to patients of all backgrounds, regardless of gender, ethnicity or income. The antibiotic was in wide commercial use only in the mid 20th century.

The theory is earthen jars containing grain used for making beer contained the bacterium streptomycedeswhich produced tetracycline. Although Nubians were not aware of tetracycline, they could have noticed people fared better by drinking beer.

According to Charlie Bamforth, a professor of biochemistry and brewing science at the University of California, Davis, said "They must have consumed it because it was rather tastier than the grain from which it was derived.

They would have noticed people fared better by consuming this product than they were just consuming the grain itself. Felkin in East Africa[ edit ] European travelers in the Great Lakes region of Africa Uganda and Rwanda during the 19th century reported cases of surgery in the kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara.

One observer noted a "surgical skill which had reached a high standard". From the well-developed nature of the procedures employed, European observers concluded that they had been employed for some time. Trephining was carried out and the bones of depressed fractures were elevated.

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Post Pagination Yet, surprisingly enough, China is not only a producer but also an inventor of a great many things and even technologies that the US and much older nations use daily.

Horrible war wounds, even penetrating abdominal and chest wounds were treated with success, even when this involved quite heroic surgery. The first human-to-human heart transplant was performed by South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard at Groote Schuur Hospital in December See also Hamilton Naki.

Achievements of ancient astronomers

During the s, South African Aaron Klug developed crystallographic electron microscopy techniques, in which a sequence of two-dimensional images of crystals taken from different angles are combined to produce three-dimensional images of the target. Northern Africa and the Nile Valley[ edit ] Ethiopians were first to discover coffee 's edible properties Donkey possibly domesticated in the Nile Valley or Horn of Africa Archaeologists have long debated whether or not the independent domestication of cattle occurred in Africa as well as the Near East and Indus Valley.

Possible remains of domesticated cattle were identified in the Western Desert of Egypt at the sites of Nabta Playa and Bir Kiseiba and were dated to c. Linguistic evidences suggests that the Ethiopian plow might be the oldest plow in Africa.

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Genetic evidence points to E. Ethiopians used terraced hillside cultivation for erosion prevention and irrigation. A 19th century European described Yeha: All the surrounding hills have been terraced for cultivation, and present much the same appearance as the hills in Greece and Asia Minor, which have been neglected for centuries; but nowhere in Greece or Asia Minor have I ever seen such an enormous extent of terraced mountains as in this Abyssinian valley.

Hundreds and thousands of acres must here have been under the most careful cultivation, right up almost to the tops of the mountains, and now nothing is left but the regular lines of the sustaining walls, and a few trees dotted about here and there.

This valley is most completely shut in, quite such an one as one can imagine Rasselas to have lived in — James T. Bent, The sacred city of the Ethiopians, being a record of travel and research in Abyssinia in The Sahel and West Africa[ edit ] The earliest evidence for the domestication of plants for agricultural purposes in Africa occurred in the Sahel region c.

Around this time, and in the same region, the small guineafowl was domesticated. Other African domesticated plants were oil palm, raffia palmblack-eyed peasgroundnutsand kola nuts. Sorghum domesticated in the Sahel African methods of cultivating rice, introduced by enslaved Africans, may have been used in North Carolina.

This may have been a factor in the prosperity of the North Carolina colony.

Achievements of ancient astronomers

Between and BCE, pearl milletgourdswatermelonsand beans also spread westward across the southern Sahara. Between and BCE knowledge of domesticated sorghum, castor beans, and two species of gourd spread from Africa to Asia. Pearl millet, black-eyed peas, watermelon, and okra later spread to the rest of the world.

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Stone channels were used to dike, dam, and level surrounding river waters. The country about Inyanga is well watered, but it would seem that the old inhabitants required a more general distribution of the supply than was afforded by the numerous streams running down from the hills.

Accordingly, they adopted a practice which has been prevalent under similar conditions in several other countries, Algeria being one instance which has come under the waiter's own observation.Science and technology are often considered to be the forte of men.

Nevertheless, the contribution of women to the progress of these areas cannot be disregarded. Top 10 unexplained ancient achievements. Historians and scientists are unable to explain existence of these ancient sites and artifacts.

Greek Astronomy after Aristotle Apart for a few exceptions, the general consensus among Greek astronomers was that the universe was earth-centred. During the 4th century BCE, Plato and Aristotle agreed on a geocentric model but both thinkers did so based on mystical arguments: The stars and planets were carried around the earth on spheres, .

Africa has the world's oldest record of human technological achievement: the oldest stone tools in the world have been found in eastern Africa, and later evidence for tool production by our hominin ancestors has been found across Sub-Saharan history of science and technology in Africa since then has, however, received relatively little attention compared to other regions of the.

Nov 01,  · Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Ancient civilizations around the world gazed up at the sky and the stars, but it wasn’t until the scientific enlightenment of the 17th century that astronomers were able to get a handle on how things actually worked up there.

Members of Hatshepsut's trading expedition to the mysterious 'Land of Punt' from this pharaoh's elegant mortuary temple at Deir El-Bahri.

(CC BY ) A discovery made on the Red Sea coast, furthered the belief in the seafaring capacity of the ancient Egyptians.

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