Execution of Jan Hus in Konstanz
This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers. Before this time, Catholicism was the dominant religion, and most national churches reported to the pope.
A German monk named Martin Luther was dissatisfied with the level of authority the Catholic clergy held over its laypeople. Luther felt especially unhappy that the church issued indulgence for pay.
Indulgence was the act of a clergy member pardoning a sin. The movement spread from Germany throughout Europe. Those who followed this movement became known as Protestants. Protestant Beliefs Protestants rejected some of the Catholic doctrines.
For example, Luther rejected the Catholic belief of transubstantiation. This is the belief that during the Eucharist communion practice, bread and wine transformed into the actual body and blood of Jesus. Luther believed Jesus existed in all things, so he was already present in the bread and wine.
Another major leader in the Protestant movement, Huldrych Zwingli of Zurich, took this idea further, saying that Jesus was not physically present during this practice.
Rather, he believed this practice was simply a memorial. The Anabaptists believed that adults could be re-baptized even though they were baptized as infants A radical group of reformers, called Anabaptists, disagreed that infant baptism was the only baptism needed.
They allowed for adults who had been baptized as infants to be re-baptized as adults.
John Calvin, the leader of these Protestants, worked to join Church and state under his powerful leadership. Catholic Reformers Aside from the arguments of the Protestants, the Catholic Church faced a movement for reform from within.
Reformers sought to eliminate abuses of power and finances within the church. They also hoped to inspire a renewed interest in Catholicism. This movement is known as the Counter-Reformation.now just look - click: INDEX and REMARK.
The Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. Attire and Etiquette in the church and in the cemetery. with Basilica del Santo Niño and the festivals: Sinulog St.
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The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th-century Europe..
It is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in and lasted until the. Rebel in the Ranks: Martin Luther, the Reformation, and the Conflicts That Continue to Shape Our World [Brad S. Gregory] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
When Martin Luther published his 95 Theses in October , he had no intention of starting a revolution. But very quickly his criticism of indulgences became a rejection of the papacy and the Catholic Church emphasizing.
Feb 17, · The Reformation was a culmination of events and circumstances, both here and abroad, which led to a seismic shift in the religious framework of this country. barnweddingvt.com covers the historical interests and projects of amateur historian Paul Budde; tracing the broader Budde family history back through North Germany and the Baltic region..
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