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Records Management Social Studies of Information Another variation is to speak of library and information studies, in order to emphasize that the field is not necessarily scientific in its strictest sense.
A new tendency in the twenty-first century is to drop the word library and to use only the terms information school, i-school or iSchool. This is not, however, solely a new name for LIS, but represents a new interdisciplinary merging of various fields including LIS .
Whether such a merging is considered fruitful or not depends among other things on the theoretical perspective cf. For those who primarily consider LIS to be related to computer science, it seems to be clearly a productive solution; however, for those who consider LIS to be more related to the knowledge fields such as philosophy, social epistemology SE and sociology of science it may perhaps seem less successful.
For more details on iSchools, see Lopatovska and Ransom and Section 4. In practice, the term LIS is sometimes used for an area that is not science or research, a scholarship or an academic discipline ; by implication, the term library and information science research may be used to make the research focus explicit  e.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 48(3) Bibliometric Analysis of Yoga Research population, the country in which the study was performed, the year of publication and. Abstract. The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics of the theses and dissertations on information literacy from to in the United States and Taiwan, such as publishing universities, paper growth, author/ advisor productivity, type of literacy, and research methods. This study aims to research the pattern of strategic management literature in healthcare management research using articles published in academic health management journals.
Some studies of the field distinguish between professional publications and research articles, such as that of Tuomaala et al.
In the following subsections, only research articles are analyzed. Even if studies are limited to research articles, it has been questioned whether the literature qualifies as research.
The status of LIS as a science has been discussed for many years. Librarian and researcher Carl S. Library technique is a common term for the methods used for organizing, cataloging, use, and administration etc.
Despite various trends towards merging the two fields, some consider library science and information science to be separate fields or disciplines, for example Miksa and Saracevic Huang and Changwrote: This implies that some researchers regard IS as an independent discipline.
In general, however, the tendency today is to use the terms information science and library and information science as synonyms . However, in order to speak of library science as an organized activity, we must go further forward in history.
The term Bibliothek-Wissenschaft was used for the first time in the title of a German textbook Schrettingerthe first issue of which was published in Martin Schrettinger —Friedrich Adolf Ebert — and Karl Dziatzko — were the founders of library science in Germany.
The first journal in the field was Serapeum: Weigel in the period — Although this particular school ran into difficulties, possibly because women were thereby allowed access to academia, Dewey was able to transfer the school to the New York State Library in Albany in ; since then, many library schools have been founded in the United States and Canada and around the world.
For both the European and the American schools, it has been discussed whether the term science is misplaced. Miksafound, however: Early library education, including Melvil Dewey's School of Library Economy at Columbia College, has traditionally been thought to have emphasized vocational-technical skills rather than substantive intellectual issues.
New evidence for the first two lecture sessions of Dewey's school raises questions about that view.
The schedule of the school, its faculty including regular Columbia College professorsand the way the school's topical content of library economy and bibliography was approached strongly suggest an educational venture with unexpected intellectual substance.
More evidence is needed before extrapolating these findings to early library education in general. However, the following quote from Stielowis probably more representative of the view of library research: The remaining questions on library services were deemed too practical and obvious to merit a scholarly distinction.
Even advanced skills in cataloging and classification were not acknowledged as a potential research base. In truth, the general climate of opinion and practical needs of the library pioneers may have blinded them to the full measure of Naude's vision.
They may not have seen scientific research in librarianship as a mark of a profession.Among the criticisms raised against this tradition are that human searchers, their interaction with the system, their interpretation of the query, and their process-formed relevance judgments were factors excluded from these experiments.
The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics of the theses and dissertations on information literacy from to in the United States and Taiwan, such as publishing universities, paper growth, author/ advisor productivity, type of literacy, and research methods.
dissertations in bibliometric analysis of published literature in medline. Bibliometric analysis is used by an increasing number of researchers in when half of all the active literature of a field has been published) is used by researchers to discard library materials (Totten, p.
). analysis of dissertations” at Nnamdi Azikiwe Library University of Nigeria. This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, institutional repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles.
As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these complex document retrieval systems, see.
Secondary literature consists of interpretations and evaluations that are derived from or refer to the primary source literature. Examples include review articles (specifically meta-analysis and systematic reviews) and reference works.