Influence, Causes and Course of the Revolution Article shared by:
It has been shaped by a number of other languages over the centuries. During the Old English period the English language, which was based on the dialects of three Germanic tribes Angles, Jutes and Saxons , was already influenced by different invading armies like the Celts Celticthe Roman missionaries Latin and the Viking raiders Old-Norse.
But especially during the Middle English period — another language, namely French, exerted a significant influence on the English language and were therefore responsible for great changes brought The influence of french in middle English over the years.
During this time over 10, French words were adopted into English and about 75 per cent of these are still in use.
But changes did not just happen in the English vocabulary. The grammar mainly word orderthe spelling and pronounciation had to undergo changes, as well. It was a period of great change where English turned from an inflected language with a relatively free word order into a language with reduced inflection and a more rigid word order.
Although, these enormous changes were important for the improvement of the English language, there were also disadvantages to it. The loss of native words, the different Middle English dialects and the need of a Standard English are only some examples for this.
This paper will focus on the French influence on Middle English from the Norman Conquest in up to the 15th century. First I will start with an explanation of the historical events, as it is important to know the historical backgrounds and the situation in England during that time to understand the changes in the English language.
Afterwards the focus of this paper will rest on the effect of the French language on the Middle English vocabulary, spelling and phonology. This paper will show that French was one of the languages which had an immense influence on the English language and affected it over the years.
Lastly, in my conclusion I will summarize my results. But his election did not find agreement from all sides.
William, Duke of Normandy, also wanted the English throne and therefore he decided to seize what he believed to be his rightful inheritance. He made the decision to claim the throne by force and invaded England from its south coast. On October 14 in he won the Battle of Hastings.
Harold and most of the English aristocracy were killed in that battle. William replaced the English nobility by his followers, who spoke Norman French. English nobility and other important positions in the church, military and other institutions were newly occupied by the French invaders.
Now the upper class in England was replaced by Normans and French became their dominant language. However, the new ruling class formed only a minority of the population and the language of the majortiy remained English. From now on the French and English language existed side by side.
The new kings of England spoke French, took French wives and lived mostly in France. In the following years, the new order was accepted by the English people and as a result the English and Normans formed a new assorted society.
The whole linguistic situation in England changed after the Norman conquest.
Now three different languages were in active use: English, French and Latin. English was the most widely used language because it was spoken by the common people. French was the mother tongue of the new upper class and it continued to be the first language of the English aristocracy and nobility up to the fourteenth century.
Latin was used as a second language by diplomats, monks and scholars. It was the language of official documents, chronicals and the church. Later, around the twelfth century, English and French were just as interwoven as the people who spoke them.
Now French was frequently used in the lower social classes, while the upper class gained knowledge of the English language, as well. The consequences for the English language of this blending will be discussed in the following chapters.
English vocabulary, as well as spelling and sound, or phonology where affected by the Norman — French influence. This results from the very different origins of the words. Apart from the French influence, words from Latin, Greek, Celtic and Scandinavian languages were adopted, as well.
As a result of the strong French impact during the Middle English period, a large amount of French words were adopted by the English language and the vocabulary became more varied.
But this change in the English language did not come suddenly. It was a process over a few centuries with varying degrees of intensity. The borrowing of words occurs only under certain conditions.
The first condition is that two languages have to be in contact.British-French influence today in the Middle East is seen most readily in continued widespread use of the English and French languages, especially in teaching many university classes.
The influence of French is especially obvious in the Middle English vocabulary, because "[w]here two languages exist side by side for a long time [ ], a considerable transference of words from one language to the other is inevitable."Pages: Explore the influence of French on English Isabel Roth This essay will explore the French influence on the English language, taking one present day newspaper article from each language as a starting point for discussion.
Examples but ‘one effect of the influx of French words into Middle English was that. But especially during the Middle English period ( – ) another language, namely French, exerted a significant influence on the English language and were therefore responsible for great changes brought to English over the years.
The French Revolution of is an important landmark in the history of Europe. It was the first great uprising of the people against the autocracy of the ruler. It generated ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity which crossed the boundaries of France and influenced whole of Europe.
3. French Influence on the Vocabulary in Middle English. The French language was brought to England by the Norman conquerors.
The Normans remained masters of England for a sufficiently long time to leave a deep impress on the language.